Not a member yet?
Already a member?

Future perfect – futuro anteriore: Italian grammar lesson 150

Sign up for free to mark this post as completed.
Sign up for free to bookmark this post.
Sign up for free for a printer-friendly version.
To practice this grammar topic, take Lesson 150 of Ripeti Con Me!

Table of Contents

The future perfect in Italian: Explained

In Italian, there are two future tenses: the futuro semplice (simple future), and the futuro anteriore, or futuro composto which is the same as the future perfect). The latter, which we will explain in this lesson, is used to described a future action that will have been completed before another future event takes place.

  • Quando avrai finito di lavare i piatti, potrai uscire.
    When you will have finished washing the dishes, you can go out.

As you can see in the example above, the futuro anteriore refers to an action that will be over (washing the dishes) before another future event takes place (going out), which is generally introduced by the futuro semplice.

future perfect italian

Futuro anteriore: Conjugation

As you just saw, the futuro anteriore is formed by an auxiliary (essere or avere) conjugated in the future simple + past participle.

Remember, transitive verbs take avere, and intransitive verbs take essere.

Mangiare (with avere)

to eat

Andare (with essere)

to go

Io avrò mangiato Io sarò partito/a*
Tu avrai mangiato Tu sarai partito/a
Lui/Lei avrà mangiato Lui/Lei sarà partito/a
Noi avremo mangiato Noi saremo partiti/e
Voi avrete mangiato Voi sarete partiti/e
Loro avranno mangiato Loro saranno partiti/e

*Have you noticed? When we use the verb essere (to be) as an auxiliary, the past participle of the conjugated verb agrees in number and gender with the subject performing the action.

Remember, regular past participles are super easy to form! Just get rid of the ending of the infinitive form and add the past participle ending:

Verbs ending in ARE use ATO: mangi + are à mangi + ato = mangiato (to eat – eaten)
Verbs ending in ERE use UTO: cred + ere à cred + uto = creduto (to believe – believed)
Verbs ending in IRE use ITO: fin + ire à fin + ito = finito (to finish – finished)

futuro anteriore italiano

Futuro anteriore: Other uses

In Italian, sometimes we use the futuro anteriore to make hypothesis about something that happened in the past. The English equivalent for this use would be “must have…” Let’s have a look at some examples:

  • Non sono ancora arrivati? Si saranno persi!
    They haven’t arrived yet? They must have gotten lost.
  • Perché Marco è tornato indietro? Non so, si sarà dimenticato qualcosa.
    Why did Marco come back? I don’t know, he must have forgotten something.

We can also use this tense to convey probability:

  • Quella macchina probabilmente gli è costata una fortuna. = Quella macchina gli sarà costata una fortuna.
    That car must have cost him a fortune.

I will have done Italian

Practice with Quizlet

Here's a set of flashcards and quizzes to practice this grammar topic.

Futuro anteriore: More examples

To use the futuro anteriore, you do not need to always have 2 actions. You can also use it to indicate an action in the future that will have been completed by a certain time in the future.

  • Domani a quest’ora sarò arrivata a Roma.
    At this time tomorrow I will have arrived in Rome.
  • Alle 7 noi avremo finito di lavorare.
    At 7 we will have finished working.
  • Greta si sarà laureata entro la fine dell’anno.
    Greta will have graduated by the end of this year.


To practice this grammar topic, take Lesson 150 of Ripeti Con Me!

Leave a Reply

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on pinterest
Share on reddit

You might also like...

What does “a parte “ mean in Italian? In today’s post, we’re going to focus on an expression that’s very useful, versatile, and common: a parte. This expression has several...
What does “giacché” mean in Italian? Today’s short post is about the Italian word giacché. We can also find it written like this: già che. You may be wondering how...
Stare per + infinitive To say that you are about to do something, or that something is about to happen in the near future, in Italian we use the structure...
How to say "as ... as possible" in Italian? Learn the grammar with simple rules and examples and practice with audio lessons.

Get my free updates in your mailbox...

0 +
You may easily unsubscribe at any time.
stefano 1

Go premium


Join for free

square e1554257578857 o5t21enzk19ssqmyyki2t2qt4nafhx9jqsvgu870u8
What would you like to see on FluentSimple?

This form is anonymous. ;)