Regular future tense: Introduction
We use the future tense to talk about something that will happen or will be true in the future.
While in English the future tense is constructed by putting “will” or “shall” in front of the verb, in Italian the future tense is made by conjugating the verb (= changing the verb endings).
Most Italian verbs are regular when conjugated in the future tense, which means that the verb endings can be easily memorized and change according to the verb conjugation groups (-are, –ere, and –ire)
This posts is about the future tense of regular verbs. There’s also a post about the future tense of irregular verbs.
Is the future tense only for the future?
Maybe due to different perceptions of time and life, different peoples use verbs tenses in different situations. Some languages even lack the future tense!
In Italian, we can also use the present tense to refer to events happening in the near future, if the time of the event is specified. For example: Domani vado a scuola (= Tomorrow I will go to school).
However, using the future tense to talk about future events is always acceptable, so if you use the future tense you can’t go wrong!
Simple future tense: Regular conjugation of verbs ending with –are and -ere
Regular verbs of the first conjugation group (ending in –are) and second conjugation group (ending in –ere) follows the same conjugation:
|First Conjugation Verb:||Second Conjugation Verb:|
|Verb:||Lavorare (= to work)||Credere (=to believe)|
Simple future tense: Regular conjugation of verbs ending with –ire
Regular verbs of the third conjugation group (ending in –ire) follow this conjugation instead:
|First Conjugation Verb:|
|Verb:||Capire (= to understand)|
Learn more about Italian verb conjugation.
Regular future tense: How to talk about the future
When can we use the future tense in Italian? Let’s take a look at some examples with regular verbs.
When talking about events that will happen in the future, or when talking about future plans:
- La prossima settimana inizierò a lavorare in una nuova azienda.
Next week I’ll start working for a new company.
- Dal mese prossimo lavorerò solo 3 giorni a settimana.
Starting next month, I’m going to work only 3 days a week.
- I miei genitori partiranno mercoledì prossimo.
My parents will leave next Wednesday.
After quando (= when), even though for this kind of sentence the present tense is used in English:
- Quando finirai di studiare, guarderemo un film.
When you finish studying, we’ll watch a movie.