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How to make comparisons: Italian grammar lesson 133

Make comparisons in Italian: il comparativo

If we want to make comparisons in Italian, for example to talk about the qualities or properties of someone (or something), we use the comparative form of adjectives: il comparativo. In Italian, we form this using the words più (more) and meno (less).

  • Luca è più vecchio di Mario.
    Luca is older than Mario.
  • Il mio cane è meno intelligente del tuo.
    My dog is less intelligent than yours.

In this lesson, we are going to look at one of the possible ways of forming the comparative in Italian:

  • PIÙ + adjective + DI + second part of the comparison

    comparative Italian

Più di / meno di: When to use

We use più + adjective + di when:

The second part of the comparison is a noun.

  • Giulio è meno simpatico di Greta.
    Giulio is less pleasant than Greta.

The second part of the comparison is a pronoun.

  • Noi siamo più vecchi di te.
    We are older than you.

The second part of the comparison is an adverb.

  • Adesso il tempo è più bello di prima.
    Now the weather is better than before.
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Italian comparison

Più di / meno di: Rules

Be careful, when the second part of the comparison starts with an article, the article joins onto di, which becomes a preposizione articolata (del, della, dello, dell’, dei, degli, delle). Obviously, this preposition will match the number and gender of the noun or pronoun it precedes. Have a look at the sentences below:

  • Mia madre è più giovane della signora Anna.
    My mother is younger than Ms Anna.
  • I miei occhiali sono più costosi dei tuoi.
    My glasses are more expensive than yours.
  • I lupi sono meno pericolosi degli orsi?
    Are wolves are less dangerous than bears?

comparisons in Italian

Di più with verbs alone

If the comparison involves a verb and the term of comparison is not expressed in the sentence, you add di in front of più.

Examples:

Per saperne di più, clicca qui.

To learn more, click here.

Quel modello costa di più perché è nuovo.

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That model costs more because it’s new.

Ad un asta, vince chi offre di più.

At an action, who bids more wins.

Il comparativo: Examples

Well done! Now you know how and when to use the structure più + adjective + di correctly. Let’s have a look at some more examples of this form of comparative; note that you can use it with questions, positive and negative sentences, and with all verb tenses!

Secondo te, i girasoli sono più belli delle rose?

What do you think, are sunflowers more beautiful than roses?

Pensavo che Paolo fosse meno alto di Marco, ma mi sbagliavo.

I thought Paolo was shorter than Marco, but I was wrong!

Non sei più forte di me!

You’re not stronger than me!

To practice How to make comparisons: Italian grammar lesson 133, take lesson
0

of the audio course “Ripeti con me!”

4 Responses

  1. Penso che le tue lezioni di grammatica siano molto facili da capire e mettere in practica. Grazie!

  2. Is there a separate section comparing più di and più che and explaining when to use which?

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