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Learn Common Italian Phrases: 100+ Basic Sentences

Learn Italian phrases to survive your trip to Italy!

Here’s a free list of common Italian phrases for your first conversation.

I also collected the most basic Italian phrases in PDF format at the end of the post.

This is the ultimate collection of common Italian phrases for beginners!

Why learn the most common Italian phrases first

Don’t feel overwhelmed only because there’s an infinite number of sentences in Italian.

I have some good news: you only need to know a fraction of the total number of Italian phrases to be able to speak Italian fluently.

For example, by knowing as little as 100 words you will understand 50% of any text in Italian.

There are various lists of the 1000 most common Italian words, to begin with.

With little effort, you can have a real basic Italian conversation with someone during your trip.

You just need to start with the most common Italian phrases to make basic sentences.

Here’s a collection of comprehensible input for the Italian language.

For spaced repetition, go through this post again after a night of sleep.

Have real conversations with basic Italian sentences from day one

Once you start learning a few basic sentences in Italian you will have the knowledge to start your first basic Italian conversation.

That’s why I put together popular Italian sentences that simulate real-life conversations to get you speaking Italian in no time.

Feel how easy it is to learn become confident

Every language experience should start gradually, from the easiest to the more complex concepts.

Learning a new language is a perfect way to boost your IQ.

Learn Italian, starting with the easiest and most common Italian sentences to know, you will feel confident in your ability to learn a new language.

Can you imagine how many things you can say by combining 1000 Italian sentences?

That’s what you get in 33 lessons of the Italian audio course “Ripeti con me!”

Become fluent quicker with common sentences

Starting with basic Italian phrases, we quickly lay a foundation for you to learn more complex Italian phrases.

In fact, you don’t need to know thousands of phrases to speak Italian.

You can gradually build your Italian knowledge so you get fluent faster than you could imagine.

Can you imagine how many things you can say by combining 1000 Italian phrases?

That’s what you get in 33 lessons of the Italian audio course “Ripeti con me!”

With these audio lessons, you can also improve your Italian pronunciation.

Become smarter by learning Italian

Language learning is a challenging activity for your brain.

In fact, learning the Italian language is a perfect way to boost your IQ.

In no time, your brain will make new connections and associations and you’ll feel that learning the Italian language was one of the best choices you ever made.

Suddenly, these useful Italian phrases look more promising, right?

Italian phrases to know

Easy sentences in Italian: tips for beginners

If you’re a beginner or a casual learner planning a trip to Italy, it makes sense to keep things simple and start with easy sentences in Italian.

Before you rush to memorize 1000 Italian sentences, take a minute to reflect on how Italian sentences are made.

Italian words and phrases must be arranged in a certain way to make a sentence.

A simple sentence is one independent clause that has a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought. There are some important requirements for a simple sentence:

  • Must have a subject and a verb.

Sei pronto? – Are you ready?

Are you looking for the subject? It’s tu, but you don’t need to say that. The verb conjugation already shows that.

  • Must express a complete thought.

Stazione vicino? – Station near?

Even if the sentence is not grammatically correct, a simple phrase can already take you a long way.

  • Must only have one clause.

C’è un treno alle dieci. Prendo quello. – There’s a train at 10. I’ll take that.

Split complex sentences into simple ones to avoid advanced grammar and communicate effectively.

Useful sentences in Italian to listen and repeat

We all agree that it’s a good strategy to start with useful sentences in Italian.

Especially for specific situations like traveling because you probably want to learn Italian for travel.

But, how to do that? Where to find those Italian common phrases?

The best way to learn Italian words and phrases is by speaking. Not just listening or reading.

Right now, you should be speaking Italian with a native speaker, even if you’re just a beginner.

If you don’t have the time, money, or the courage, you can still practice speaking by yourself.

How? With an Italian audio course like “Ripeti con me!”.

With this Italian audio course, you’ll improve your Italian by listening and repeating.

Grammar isn’t explicitly taught but you’ll begin to pick up the various grammar points on your own.

Check out the course program to learn basic Italian fast!

useful sentences in italian

Should you practice the 1000 most common Italian phrases with flashcards?

Some learners want to keep things efficient by memorizing the 1000 most common Italian words and then make phrases with them.

For a more interactive experience, check out these flashcards with popular Italian phrases.

There’s plenty of Italian phrases, including the 1000 most common Italian phrases.

With Quizlet, you can make flashcard sets and quiz yourself.

How many do you need? The top 100 Italian phrases? 1000 Italian phrases? 2000? 3000?

The question is rather, does it help to memorize words and phrases without a context?

These apps are structured around sets of terms and definitions, so it’s just rote learning of Italian words and phrases.

That’s not the best way of learning basic Italian.

learn italian
My secret to learn languages faster!

You need to put in practice those Italian phrases to really master them!


100+ Essential Italian travel phrases and words

Everyone should learn essential Italian conversational words and phrases before traveling to Italy.

These are the best Italian words and expressions because you’re sure to come up in most everyday conversations.

Make sure to pack these simple Italian phrases to help you prepare for those common situations travelers find themselves in.

Learn Italian phrases for travel that you actually need.

These basic Italian phrases include some of the 1000 most common Italian words.

italian phrases

Greetings in Italian: how to say hello?

Of all the popular Italian phrases to know, the first thing you need to learn to do in the Ialian language is to meet and greet people!

After all, you’re going to be using greetings every time you have a basic conversation in Italian. But the Italian greetings are not limited to ciao!

Italian phrases for beginners might look obvious but are still useful.

Knowing Italian greetings can make a good impression, whether you’re speaking Italian for business or while traveling.

The Italian culture places importance on introductions and greetings as it is often considered a foundational way of showing respect.

There are different expressions you can use depending on if the situation is formal (business meeting) or informal (meeting someone at a restaurant).

Offer polite greetings to friends and associates or as a way to break the ice when meeting new people.

These Italian phrases to learn are simple, easy to remember, and will go a long way to help you make friends and have your first basic conversations in the Italian language.

You’ll already speak like a native.

  • Salve! – Hello (any time of day)
  • Buongiorno – Good morning/afternoon. It is always polite to say “Hi” every morning because Italian speakers are really sociable. “Good morning” in Italian is “Buongiorno”.
  • Buonasera – Good evening
  • Buonanotte – Goodnight
  • Grazie mille – Thank you very much
  • Arrivederci – Goodbye
  • Mi chiamo… – My name is _
  • Sono americano/canadese/inglese – I’m American/Canadian/English
  • Piacere – Nice to meet you

Being polite is important also when you travel to Italy. And it doesn’t cost anything, it’s free!

Learn the following words and phrases to have a polite, basic conversation, and sound like a native.

  • Sì (yes)
  • No (no)
  • Per favore; per piacere; per cortesia (please)
  • Grazie (Thank you)
  • Molte grazie (Thank you very much.)
  • Prego! (You’re welcome!)
  • Si figuri! (It’s nothing.)
  • Mi scusi. (Excuse me.)
  • Prego (by all means)
  • Può ripetere, per cortesia? (Can you please repeat)

Notice how the most common phrases in Italian to be polite address people as “Lei” (formal you), not “tu” (informal you).

Also, check out how to say how are you in Italian.

italian sentences

How to say hello and goodbye in Italian

  • Ciao — Hi and bye

Ciao can be used as both “hi” and as “bye.”

It’s a very informal way of greeting, so if you want to greet a friend, you can use it.

But if you find yourself in a more formal situation, it’s always best to use some of the more “formal” greetings below.

  • Buongiorno — Hello, good morning

Possibly (but not necessarily) more formal then ciao, this is the standard greeting in the morning and afternoon.

  • Salve — Hello

Salve is a formal way of saying “hello.”

It’s not very common nowadays.

  • Buonasera — Hello and good evening

You start hearing buonasera around 5 p.m.

  • A presto — See you soon

When talking to someone that you think you’ll see again someday.

  • A dopo — See you later

A dopo, by contrast, is something you can say to your friends if you have any intentions of seeing them later in the day (not on another day!)

  • Arrivederci — Goodbye

When you want to say goodbye in a more formal way, you can use the word arrivederci.

  • Buona giornata — Have a good day

This looks like buongiorno, but you say it when parting.

  • Buona serata — Have a good/nice evening

The equivalent of buona giornata in the evening.

How to say hello and goodbye in Italian

Phrases to introduce yourself in Italian

How to introduce yourself in Italian?

If you’re just starting out with learning Italian, knowing how to introduce yourself is one of the best places to begin.

It gives you a taste of the grammar, allows you to start a conversation (even a short one!), and you can start practicing the pronunciation.

Here are some basic Italian sentences for introducing yourself.

  • Come ti chiami? – What’s your name? (informal)
  • Come si chiama? – What’s your name? (formal)

If you’re not sure whether you should be using informal or formal, stick with formal.

  • Mi chiamo… – My name is…

Cocktail Party Fact: This literally means, “I call myself…” and comes from the reflexive verb “chiamarsi.”

  • Sono… – I am…

You can fill in the above phrase with your name or with your nationality, like:

  • “Sono Americano/a. – I’m American.”

Then the most common Italian phrase when you meet someone for the first time:

  • Piacere. – Nice to meet you.
  • Piacere mio. – The pleasure is mine.

Other questions you may be asked include asking about your hometown:

  • Di dov’è? – Where are you from? (formal)
  • Di dove sei? – Where are you from? (informal)
  • Sono (Australiana). – I’m (Australian)

Learn Italian sentences to ask about people’s age:

  • Quanti anni ha? – How old are you? (formal)
  • Quanti anni hai? – How old are you? (informal)
  • Ho (trentadue) anni. – I’m 32 years old

Finally, learn Italian sentences about people’s jobs:

  • Che lavoro fa? – What do you do for work? (formal)
  • Che lavoro fai? – What do you do for work? (informal)
  • Faccio (l’insegnante). – I’m a (teacher)

1000 italian sentences

How to say I don’t understand in Italian: Italian sentences to know

You want to learn Italian sentences to communicate. However, as a beginner, there will be many moments when you get stuck and can’t understand what people are saying to you in Italian.

Italian for beginners can be embarrassing.

When this happens, don’t worry! It’s a perfectly normal part of the learning process and in time, you’ll begin to understand more and more of what you hear.

You just need to learn Italian sentences to show that you don’t understand.

Here are some Italian sentences to know to say… that you don’t know!

  • Mi scusi, non capisco – I don’t understand!
  • Non parlo italiano molto bene – I don’t speak Italian very well
  • Cosa vuole dire? – What does that mean?
  • Parla inglese? – Do you speak English?
  • Mi scusi – I’m sorry
  • Non lo so – I don’t know
  • Va bene – All right
  • Non importa – Never mind

How to order at the restaurant in Italian: essential phrases

How to speak Italian at the restaurant?

Dining is one of the best parts of traveling to Italy. Indeed, many essential Italian phrases for travel are related to food.

However, reading an Italian menu can be intimidating!

Nevertheless, understanding how Italians dine will help you get the most out of your travel experience, especially in the many local, off-the-beaten-path establishments.

So you should learn Italian phrases related to food and dining.

Here are some helpful hints on how to pick a restaurant on your trip to Italy and how to navigate its menu with confidence (and pay the bill too!).

These are essential Italian phrases is you want to eat well in Italy!

  • Un tavolo per uno / due, per favore – A table for one / two, please
  • Siete già aperti? – Are you open yet?
  • Mi scusi! – Excuse me! (Calling a waiter)
  • Cosa mi consiglia? – What do you recommend?
  • Qual è la specialità della casa? – What’s your most popular dish?
  • Cos’è questo? – What’s this?
  • Faccia Lei! – It’s up to you/You can decide
  • Il conto, per favore – The cheque, please
  • Potrei avere il menu, per favore? – Can I have the menu, please?
  • Possiamo aspettare (per un tavolo)? – Can we wait (for a table)?
  • Possiamo sederci qui? – Can we sit here?

common phrases in italian

How to ask for directions in Italian: basic phrases

How to speak Italian when you get lost?

If you’re planning a trip to Italy, you’re probably going to need public transport to get around. It’s not free but still cheap.

These basic Italian phrases will help you to buy tickets and find your destinations easily.

They’re all Italian phrases that you should learn before you travel to Italy and communicate with native speakers.

  • Quanto dura il viaggio? – How long does it take?
  • Dove devo andare adesso? – Where should I go now?
  • Quando parte? – When does it leave?
  • Che ore sono (adesso)? – What time is it (now)?
  • Vorrei andare a _ – I want to go to _
  • A che ora parte il prossimo treno/autobus per _ What time is the next train/bus to _ ?
  • Quanto costa? – How much is it?
  • Un biglietto / due biglietti (1 ticket / 2 tickets)
  • Questo treno/autobus ferma a _ – Does this train/bus stop in _?
  • Mi scusi, è qui _ – Excuse me, is this _? (On the bus/train, when you aren’t sure when to get off)

What to do when you find yourself lost? Keep calm! Learn Italian phrases to ask for directions.

Basic Italian for travel includes giving directions.

By learning to say and understand the following phrases, you’ll be able to ask for and receive directions from the locals.

  • Vorrei andare a _ – I want to go to _ (If you know the name of your destination)
  • Vorrei andare qui – I want to go here (Pointing to your destination on the map)
  • Mi sono perso / Mi sono persa – I’m lost
  • È di qua? – Is it this way? (Useful for checking if you’re walking in the right direction)
  • Dov’è _? – Where is _ ?
  • Scusi, mi può dire come arrivare al Colosseo? – Excuse me, could you tell me how to get to the Colosseum?

Here are some of the basic Italian phrases for useful replies you might hear.

  • Gira a destra – Turn right
  • Gira a sinistra – Turn left
  • È qua vicino – It’s close by
  • È laggiù – It’s over there
  • È davanti alla scuola – It’s opposite the school
  • È dietro la stazione – It’s behind the station
  • È sotto il ponte – It’s under the bridge
  • È a fianco alla chiesa – It’s next to the church
  • È prima della stazione di servizio – It’s before the gas station
  • È dopo la gelateria – It’s past the ice-cream parlor
  • Dov’è il bagno? – Where is the bathroom / toilet?

These phrases might look obvious, but language learning has to start somewhere.

Learning basic Italian phrases like these can make your life easier.

useful italian phrases

Basic question words in Italian

To communicate in Italian and to travel with ease, there are practical questions in Italian (or any language for that matter) that you’ll use daily and have to know. They’re found in many basic Italian sentences.

  • Parla inglese? (Do you speak English?)
  • Chi? (Who?)
  • Cosa? (What?)
  • Quando? (When?)
  • Dove? (Where?)
  • Perché? (Why?)
  • Come? (How?)
  • Quanto? (How much?)

Try these helpful phrases:

  • Dov’è la stazione? (Where is the station?)
  • Scusi, dov’è il bagno? (Where is the bathroom?)
  • Quanto dista il Colosseo? (How far is the Coloseum?)
  • Dove si mangia il miglior gelato? (Where can you get the best ice cream?)
  • Come si arriva in Piazza della Repubblica? (How do you get to Piazza della Repubblica?)

most common italian phrases

How to do shopping in Italian: common phrases

Basic Italian for travel includes shopping.

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Stop reading, start speaking! With "Ripeti con me!"

Whether in the supermarket, the shopping center or the local farmer’s market you’re going to want to buy things at some point or another!

To do this, you need to be able to ask questions just like you would in English! Here are the useful Italian sentences and phrases that you’ll need to learn:

  • Mi piace questo – I like this
  • Quanto costa questo? – How much is this?
  • È troppo caro per me – It’s too expensive for me
  • Sì, grazie – Yes, please
  • No, grazie – No, thanks
  • Può farmi uno sconto? – Can you do me a discount?
  • Cerco un/una _ – I’m looking for a _
  • Sto solo guardando – I’m just looking around
  • Un attimo – Just a moment

With these phrases in italian, you can point your finger and buy virtually anything you can see.

italian common phrases for travel

How to say “I don’t feel well” in Italian: simple phrases

If you travel abroad, It’s always useful to know some basic medical vocabulary so that can handle an emergency in case you get sick or suffer an accident during your trip.

Learn these Italian sentences and phrases, just in case!

Here are some Italian to English phrases in case you feel sick:

  • Mi porti in ospedale, per favore – Take me to the hospital please (To a taxi driver)
  • Mi fa male qui – It hurts here (pointing to body parts)
  • Ho bisogno di medicine – I need some medicine
  • Può aiutarmi, per favore? – Can you help me, please?
  • Devo andare da un medico – I need to see a doctor
  • Non mi sento bene – I don’t feel well
  • Non si sente bene – He/she doesn’t feel well
  • C’è un ospedale da queste parti? – Is there a hospital near here?

If you pass by a drugstore, try nootropics for language learning to boost brain power.

sentences in italian

Italian phrases to find hidden gems in Italy

Let’s learn some simple phrases that will help you discover the hidden gems on your next trip to Italy!

Locals are always keen to share their favorite restaurants and cafes with visitors, but if you want to find out about them you need to know how to ask!

  • Mi scusi, ma… – I’m sorry to bother you, but…
  • Posso farle una domanda? – Could I ask you something quickly?
  • Cerco un posto qui in zona dove si mangi bene – I’m looking for a place with good food around here
  • Cerco un bar carino qui in zona – I’m looking for a nice cafe in the area
  • Ne conosce qualcuno? – Do you know anyone [here]?
  • C’è qualche posto interessante da visitare qui in zona? – Is there anything interesting to see in this area?
  • Grazie comunque – Thank you, anyway [if they can’t help you]

The basics of Italian can make the difference in your first conversation.

Personal pronouns and references to people

You refer to people by using personal pronouns. These are the basics, right?

In Italian, the pronouns (you and they) are complicated by gender and formality.

  • Io (I)
  • Lui (he)
  • Lei (she)
  • Noi (we)
  • Tu (you, singular)
  • Lei (you, singular, formal)
  • Voi (you, plural)
  • Loro (they)

Use the informal tu (singular you) for friends, relatives, younger people, and people you know well.

Use the formal lei (singular you) when speaking to people you don’t know well; in situations such as in stores, restaurants, hotels, or pharmacies); and with professors, older people, and your friends’ parents.

Even within simple Italian phrases, to avoid awkward situations, it’s useful to know the correct vocabulary term for referring to people based on their age, gender, or relationship to you.

  • Uomo (a man)
  • Donna (a woman)
  • Ragazzo (a boy)
  • Ragazza (a girl)
  • Bambino (m); bambina (f) (a child)
  • Padre (a father)
  • Madre (a mother)
  • Figlio (m); figlia (f) (child)
  • Fratello (a brother)
  • Sorella (a sister)
  • Marito (a husband)
  • Moglie (a wife)
  • Amico (m); amica (f) (a friend)

The best way to learn is by speaking. Use these common Italian phrases with your friends. Even speaking to yourself will help!

basic italian phrases

Learn Italian phrases for travelers

Here are the most common Italian phrases that are particularly helpful to international travelers.

Use these simple Italian phrases often during your trip!

  • Mi scusi. (Excuse me. (Formal))
  • Non parlo bene l’italiano. (I don’t speak Italian well.)
  • Parla inglese? (Do you speak English? (Formal))
  • Parlo inglese. (I speak English.)
  • Non lo so. (I don’t know.)
  • Non posso. (I can’t.)
  • Non potevo. (I couldn’t.)
  • Non lo faccio. (I won’t do it.)
  • Non dimenticare! (Don’t forget!)
  • Mi sono perso. (M); Mi sono persa. (F) (I’m lost.)
  • Sto cercando il mio albergo. (I’m looking for my hotel.)
  • Sì, lo so. (Yes, I know.)
  • Non lo so. (I don’t know.)
  • Non so dove sia. (I don’t know where it is.)
  • Non capisco. (I don’t understand.)
  • Capisco, grazie. (I understand, thanks.)
  • Lei non mangia la carne. (She doesn’t eat meat.)
  • Non siamo americani. (We aren’t American.)
  • Il caffè non è buono. (The coffee isn’t good.)
  • Non è caro! (It’s not expensive!)
  • Può ripetere, per cortesia? (Can you repeat, please? (Formal))
  • È bello. (It’s beautiful.)
  • È bellissimo. (It’s very beautiful.)
  • Vado a casa. (I’m going home.)
  • Domani visitiamo Venezia. (We’ll visit Venice tomorrow.)
  • Due cappuccini, per favore. (Two cappuccinos, please.)

How to say common places and locations in Italian

How to speak Italian to find places?

Here’s some vocabulary for the common places or locations that you might need or want while traveling in Italy.

You definitely need to learn basic Italian phrases and phrases and feel free to speak, like a native!

  • Dove? – where?
  • Dov’è il museo? – where is the museum?
  • Gira a destra – turn right
  • Gira a sinistra – turn left
  • Vai diritto – go straight ahead
  • Vai in quella direzione – go that way
  • Vai indietro – go back
  • Vicino – near
  • Lontano – far
  • Other places in italian:
  • Il teatro -theater
  • Il supermercato – supermarket
  • La stazione – train station
  • L’aeroporto – airport
  • L’ospedale – hospital
  • La stazione di polizia – police station
  • Il parco – park
  • Il centro – town center
  • Banca (bank)
  • Città (city)
  • La polizia (police)
  • La stazione (station)
  • Metropolitana (subway)
  • Museo (museum)
  • Il ristorante (restaurant)
  • In campagna (in the country)
  • In città (in the city)
  • In montagna (in the mountains)
  • L‘albergo (hotel)
  • L‘ospedale (hospital)
  • La casa (house)
  • Negozio (store)
  • Paese (country)
  • Spiaggia (beach)
  • Stato (state)
  • Ufficio (office)

How to say numbers in Italian

How to say numbers in Italian

Whether you’re ordering drinks, paying a bill or buying a train ticket, numbers are something you’ll need to be familiar with in Italian right from the beginning.

Let’s learn Italian numbers and how to count in Italian, then move on to useful Italian phrases related to numbers.

Sometimes, to make everyday Italian phrases, you need numbers, especially the first 10 numbers.

Italian numbers 1 – 10 for basic Italian phrases

  • Uno – one in Italian
  • Due – two
  • Tre – three
  • Quattro – four
  • Cinque – five
  • Sei – six
  • Sette – seven
  • Otto – eight
  • Nove – nine
  • Dieci – ten

Italian numbers 11 – 20

  • Undici – eleven
  • Dodici – twelve
  • Tredici – thirteen
  • Quattordici – fourteen
  • Quindici – fifteen
  • Sedici – sixteen
  • Diciassette – seventeen
  • Diciotto – eighteen
  • Diciannove – nineteen
  • Venti – twenty
  • Ventuno – twenty-one
  • Ventidue – twenty-two
  • Trenta – thirty
  • Quaranta – forty
  • Cinquanta – fifty
  • Sessanta – sixty
  • Settanta – seventy
  • Ottanta – eighty
  • Novanta – ninety
  • Cento – one hundred
  • Mille – one thousand

Italian numbers 21 – 30

21 ventuno
22 ventidue
23 ventitré
24 ventiquattro
25 venticinque
26 ventisei
27 ventisette
28 ventotto
29 ventinove
30 trenta

Italian numbers 31 – 40

31 trentuno
32 trentadue
33 trentatré
34 trentaquattro
35 trentacinque
36 trentasei
37 trentasette
38 trentotto
39 trentanove
40 quaranta

Italian numbers 50 – 1 billion

And the final pieces to help you count as much as you want:

50 cinquanta
60 sessanta
70 settanta
80 ottanta
90 novanta
100 cento
200 duecento
1,000 mille
2,000 duemila
1,000,000 un milione
2,000,000 due milioni
1,000,000,000 un miliardo

1000 most common italian phrases

Italian numbers in proverbs

Some common Italian proverbs involving numbers:

  • Chi fa da sè fa per tre
    It literally means:
    “Someone who does for himself, does for three (people)”
    It really means:
    If you want something done well, do it yourself
  • Andare a fare quattro salti
    It literally means:
    “To go make four jumps”
    It really means:
    To go dance
  • Dare i numeri
    It literally means:
    “To give numbers” — Originally in reference to people who picked lottery numbers based on signs or superstition.
    It really means:
    To be crazy / raving /mentally imbalanced

For common Italian sentences that are not related to numbers, check out this collection of funny idioms, common Italian proverbs, and famous quotes.

Days of the week and months of the year in Italian

With just a few common phrases and words, you can cover the topic of time.

  • Che giorno è oggi?
    What day is it today?

In Italian, the days of the week aren’t capitalized.

Days of the week in Italian:

Everyday Italian sentences include the days of the week:

  • lunedì – Monday
  • martedì – Tuesday
  • mercoledì – Wednesday
  • giovedì – Thursday
  • venerdì – Friday
  • sabato – Saturday
  • domenica – Sunday

In Italian, days of the week and months of the year do not start with capital letters.

You can make a pretty good approximation of the names of the months in Italian by just saying the English versions.

Months of the year in Italian:

  • gennaio – January
  • febbraio – February
  • marzo – March
  • aprile – April
  • maggio – May
  • giugno – June in Italian
  • luglio – July
  • agosto – August
  • settembre – September
  • ottobre – October
  • novembre – November
  • dicembre – December

Did you notice that the names of the months don’t start with capital letters? Months aren’t capitalized in Italian. (It’s the same deal with days of the week too.)

Italians write dates in a different order than we do. Start with the day, then the month, and then the year. For example, to express January 08, 2009, you would write 8/1/09 instead of 1/8/09. If you write it 1/8/09, it would be assumed you were talking about August.

basic italian sentences

Dates and calendar terms

You can use the following phrases when discussing dates in Italian.

  • Che giorno è oggi? (What day is today?)
  • Oggi è venerdì. (Today is Friday.)
  • Che giorno parti? [Informal]; Che giorno parte? [Formal] (What day are you leaving?)
  • Parto lunedì. (I’m leaving on Monday.)
  • In che mese vai in Italia? [Informal] (What month are you going to Italy?)
  • Ad agosto. (In August.)
  • Quando è il tuo compleanno? [Informal] (When’s your birthday?)
  • Il sette novembre. (November 7.)
  • Che giorno è oggi? (What’s the date?)
  • É il cinque settembre. (It’s September 5.)

Telling time with Italian phrases for beginners

Italian phrases for beginners often include time expressions.

The time of day can be described in general terms or specific times. You can use the following words to describe the time in a general sense.

  • di mattina (in the morning)
  • del pomeriggio (in the afternoon)
  • di sera (in the evening)
  • di notte (in the middle of the night [until about5 a.m. or so])
  • giorno (johr-noh) [m] (day)
  • ieri (ee-eh-ree) (yesterday)
  • domani (doh-mah-nee) (tomorrow)
  • mezzogiorno (noon)
  • mezzanotte (midnight)
  • oggi (today)

Telling time in Italian is really just a question of counting. Italy commonly uses a 24-hour clock. When using a 24-hour clock, just add 12 to every hour after noon, for example 6 p.m. becomes 18.

When you want to know a specific time of day, you can ask Che ore sono?(What time is it?).

When expressing time between the hours, say the hour + minute, for example, e un quarto (and a quarter), e ventitrè (and 23), e mezzo (thirty).

When you get past the half hour, start going the other say the number of minutes until the next hour, for example, say meno un quarto (a quarter to) and meno dieci (ten minutes to).

popular italian phrases

You can use the following basic Italian phrases as a guide when talking about time.

  • É l’una. (It’s 1 a.m.)

  • É l’una e dieci. (It’s 1:10 a.m.)

  • É mezzogiorno. (It’s noon.)

  • É mezzogiorno e mezzo. (It’s 12:30 p.m.)

  • É mezzanotte. (It’s midnight.)

  • Sono le due. (It’s 2 a.m.)

  • Sono le due e un quarto. (It’s 2:15 a.m.)

  • Sono le quindici. (It’s 3 p.m.)

  • Sono le ventidue meno dieci. (It’s 9:50 p.m.)

In Italian, 9:50 p.m. is spoken as ventidue meno dieci. (9:50 p.m.) However, informally, it is usually written as 9,50. Notice that the colon has been replaced with a comma.

Here are some important Italian phrases to know about opening hours and departure times.

  • A che ora parte il treno? (At what time does the train leave?)

  • Parte all’una. (It leaves at 1.)

  • A che ora inizia l’opera? (At what time does the opera begin?)

  • Inizia alle venti. (It begins at 8 p.m.)

  • A che ora chiude l’ostello? (At what time does the hostel close?)

  • Chiude a mezzanotte e mezzo. (It closes at 12:30 a.m.)

With these easy Italian phrases, you can survive during your trip to Italy.

How to talk about your family in Italian

common Italian phrases

How to talk about family in Italian? You probably need that in a basic Italian conversation.

Here are some useful Italian phrases about family members.

Among the most common words and phrases you will hear, there are many that are related to family (famiglia).

Let’s introduce some members of our family in Italian to make easy Italian phrases:

  • madre – mother
  • padre – father
  • genitori – parents
  • sorella – sister
  • fratello – brother
  • figlia – daughter
  • figlio – son
  • marito – husband
  • moglie – wife
  • zia – aunt
  • zio – uncle
  • nonna – grandmother
  • nonno – grandfather

When you’re talking about just one member of your family, or of someone else’s family, you just strap the Italian word for “my”, “your”, “his”, “her” etc (a.k.a possessive adjectives) onto the front.

  • my mother – mia madre
  • your grandfather – tuo nonno
  • her aunt – sua zia

When there are multiple family members to talk about (plural), like aunts, uncles, brothers, sisters, children, etc, you need to use one of those words for “The” in Italian (definite articles).

  • my grandfathers – i miei nonni
  • her aunts – le sue zie
  • their brothers – i loro fratelli
  • my sisters – le mie sorelle

By the way, did you know that there are 6 words for “the” in Italian? You choose one depending on the number and gender of nouns.

basic italian conversation

Italian phrases for lovers

The Italian language is, after all, one of the most romantic languages in the world.

Learn the Italian phrases for lovers you’ll need to successfully navigate a romantic candlelit dinner with your lover.

First, you need some pet names:

  • Tesoro mio – My treasure
  • Cuore mio – My heart
  • Amore mio – My love
  • Caro/cara – Dear

Oh, they’ve got a present for you!

  • Un mazzolino di fiori – A bouquet of flowers
  • Un mazzolino di rose – A bouquet of roses
  • Un pensierino – A little gift (literally a little thought)
  • Una scatola di cioccolatini – A box of chocolates

Here’s a list of romantic Italian phrases:

  • Ti amo. – I love you (romantically).
  • Sono attratto/a da te. – I’m attracted to you.
  • Mi hai cambiato la vita. – You changed my life.
  • Sei bellissimo/a. – You are beautiful.
  • Sono pazzo/a di te. – I’m crazy about you.
  • Sei l’uomo/la donna dei miei sogni. – You’re the man/woman of my dreams.
  • Dammi un bacio. Give me a kiss.
  • Ho un debole per te. – I’m weak for you.
  • Sei l’unico/a per me. – You’re the only one for me.
  • Non posso vivere senza di te. — I can’t live without you.
  • Sei tutto per me. – You’re everything to me.
  • Sono innamorato/a di te. – I’m in love with you.
  • Ti penso ogni giorno. – I think about you every day.

italian phrases for lovers

Useful Italian phrases… with swear words (!)

A list of the most common Italian phrases would not be complete without some colorful expressions.

Be it about politics, romance, or the weather, the Italians love arguing, possibly with swear words.

These are Italian phrases to know if you want to win an argument.

I’m not showing them in this post, but here’s a collection of Italian swear words with audio.

It’s a lesson made up of 30 basic Italian phrases with… you know.

With this audio material, you can also improve your Italian pronunciation.

Italian hand gestures

Language learning is not limited to words, but also includes gestures.

In fact, some common Italian phrases are better expressed through typical Italian hand gestures.

That’s why the Italian language is so rich in gestures.

Some are funny, some are aggressive, some are just rude. That’s Italian culture, too!

Sometimes, these Italian phrases in English just don’t feel the same. That’s why you use gestures!

Basic Italian phrases PDF

I collected the most important basic Italian phrases in a 13-page PDF file.

Just tell me where I should send it and you’ll receive it immediately.

To download the basic Italian phrases PDF, click the button below.

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Bonus resources to practice Italian

If this list of common phrases in Italian is not enough, check out these free resources:

To expand your repertoire of expressions, check out my collection of Italian sentences, Italian idioms, Italian sayings, Italian proverbs, or Italian quotes.

If you want a more structured approach, download the best Italian audio course and start speaking today.

Listening and repeating useful phrases also improves your Italian pronunciation.

It includes tons of Italian conversational phrases in English:

  1. Basic Italian phrases
  2. Intermediate Italian phrases
  3. Advanced Italian phrases

It’s also an excellent way to learn Italian while driving.

Are you still afraid of having a basic Italian conversation or watching the news in Italian?

Try these lessons and you’ll be speaking and thinking in Italian in a couple of days!

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