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Italian grammar lessons: rules, notes and exercises

Italian grammar can be intimidating. Know the rules with these simple notes, then practice with Ripeti Con Me!

Italian grammar lessons shouldn’t be either boring or hard!

However, many people struggle with Italian grammar rules.

That’s why I created fun and friendly Italian grammar exercises so that you can enjoy learning Italian.

Every lesson of this course introduces a new Italian grammar pattern.

The grammar notes include links to exercises taken from my audio course “Ripeti con me!“.

This section is completely free.

Italian grammar lessons

Grammar topics
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The past of the subjunctive The “congiuntivo passato” or the past of the subjunctive behaves like the present of the subjunctive, with the obvious difference that it’s used to talk...
How to talk about means of transportation in Italian? Learn the grammar with simple rules and examples and practice with audio lessons.
How to use the subjunctive - irregular verbs in Italian? Learn the grammar with simple rules and examples and practice with audio lessons.
How to use the subjunctive - regular verbs in Italian? Learn the grammar with simple rules and examples and practice with audio lessons.
Stare per + infinitive To say that you are about to do something, or that something is about to happen in the near future, in Italian we use the structure...
Insomma There are certain words in Italian that carry different meanings depending on the context. These words sometimes don’t have exact equivalents in English. But we can certainly find the...
How to say "as ... as possible" in Italian? Learn the grammar with simple rules and examples and practice with audio lessons.
The gerund in Italian To convey a similar meaning to the English progressive tense with “-ing” (I am eating, sleeping, studying, etc.) in Italian we use the gerundio (gerund). Lucia...
Italian passato prossimo In Italian, when we talk about the past, we use the passato prossimo which is the equivalent of the past simple. Have a look at these two...


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Choose a topic to see the lessons and exercises. Lo learn and practise common grammar points. To see all lessons and exercises on the menu, click “all grammar”.

Here are the topics discussed in each lesson: adjectives, adverbs, plural, prepositions, feminine, numbers, negation, pronouns, questions, determiners, nouns, verbs, present tense, past tense, future tense, imperative, comparative, etc.

Learning Italian grammar for beginners can seem like the hardest and most boring task when you start learning the language.

Most Italian teachers would start by teaching you the grammar rules. That’s probably why you hated doing Italian grammar exercises in school.

Though it’s not the first thing you have to learn, knowing basic Italian grammar has its importance and sooner or later you will have to deal with it.

The secret is taking courses designed to teach you grammar without the need to study endless rules.

Indeed, Italian grammar rules are important, but memorizing them is not the best way to master a language.

How? By absorbing the basic Italian grammar rules while listening to natives having real conversations. Every polyglot knows that and gives similar advice.

That’s how kids learn. At the age of 5, kids are already fluent in their native language. How can this be? They don’t even know what a verb is at that age. It’s because they hear their parents speaking. That’s the best approach for you as well.

By listening to natives, you will know advanced Italian grammar rules to use in real-life conversations even if you never studied the rules themselves.

Popular learning resources include news, short stories, and audio lessons.

basic italian grammar

Italian grammar lessons with exercises

I believe Italian grammar exercises should get you ready for real-life conversations.

In school, you were typically forced to memorize conjugations, pronouns, and verbs.

Even Italian grammar basics sound difficult.

This makes learning hard and, even after a few years, you might not be able to have a real conversation. We all want to steer clear from Italian grammar lessons that just list rules and give no examples.

italian grammar rules

Basic Italian grammar for beginners

Italian grammar is difficult.

That’s why I created a language learning experience where you can practice Italian grammar for beginners naturally, by building real sentences anchored in real-life situations.

For example, you only need basic Italian grammar for beginners to order food in a restaurant. Have a casual chat with a native speaker about your day. Explore ways of talking about the books you read.

One simple Italian grammar chart can explain more than many rules.

After all, how many Italian grammar rules do you need in daily life? Only Italian grammar basics, right? Italian grammar for dummies!

More than anything you need Italian grammar practice.

These are all grammar lessons with exercises created around certain themes in order to boost your learning.

italian grammar rules

Learning Italian grammar with “Ripeti con me!” has real benefits

With all those Italian grammar rules, Italian grammar lessons can be intimidating. That’s why I rather learn Italian grammar basics through examples:
  • Italian grammar will seem easy and fun. These Italian exercises will feel like playing a game. The catch: you absorb the Italian grammar effortlessly. In no time, you’ll be getting compliments from natives for your Italian language skills.
  • Learn Italian the smart way. Instead of learning the hardest parts of the Italian grammar first, I take you through a journey of the most used Italian words and sentences. This means that you start by learning what really matters first.
  • Get ready for real conversations in the Italian language. Every Italian exercise is meant to bring you one step closer to having real conversations. That’s why I created speaking exercises for you to practice the Italian grammar you learn.

Rooted in science, these exercises are specifically created to keep you engaged and make learning Italian as easy and fun as possible.

This course is excellent as comprehensible input for the Italian language.

italian grammar for beginners

Learning Italian grammar rules from English, French, or Spanish

How to learn Italian grammar if you already speak French or Spanish?

When you are learning the grammar of a new language, it can be quite beneficial to make comparisons to a language that you already know.

Do you know any French or Spanish? If you do, you’re in luck. About 80% of the entire Italian vocabulary is similar to French and Spanish. These 3 languages are also similar in pronunciation and grammatical genders. 

For example, nouns are masculine or feminine and the Italian adjectives take the noun’s gender. With so many similar Italian grammar rules, maybe, you don’t even need Italian grammar lessons!

learn Italian grammar online

Learn Italian grammar online

Even if you don’t speak French or Spanish, you can still find many similarities between the Italian language and English. By comparing English grammar to Italian grammar, you will be able to learn some of the similarities and some of the differences. Especially Italian grammar basics.

This can help to make the task of learning a new language a bit less daunting. Even though English is a Germanic language, and Italian is a Romance language, you will find some similarities.

italian grammar exercises

Italian language grammar: sentence structure

For example, both languages use the pattern of SVO in sentences. This means that the subject comes first, followed by the verb and finally the object. Knowing this is going to help you with your sentence construction in the Italian language, and it can make learning much easier.

V = Italian grammar verbs

italian grammar notes

However, you will notice that in the Italian language you do have more freedom when you want to emphasize one of the words over another.

For example, the sentence “I drink the coffee” follows SVO perfectly. However, you could change the order of the words slightly when you are speaking in Italian to show more emphasis.

For example, the sentence would then become “the coffee I drink”. While it might not sound right in English, it is perfectly acceptable in Italian grammar.

You’ll become familiar with basic sentence structures in the first few Italian grammar lessons.

Italian language grammar

Difficult Italian grammar: verb conjugations

As in other languages, Italian features tenses – past, present, and future – and you will need to know and understand the usage of the different tenses in different situations as well as how to make them agree with the other parts of the sentence.

italian grammar made easy pdf

This is one of the most difficult aspects of Italian language grammar (basic Italian grammar pdf).

The Italian verbs are going to change form depending on the tense and the subject of the sentence.

Even if you remove the subject, you will usually be able to understand who is going the action based on the verb in the sentence.

Conjugation of verbs is therefore very important, and it is something that all students of the language should learn to do well.

To check your level, take an Italian grammar quiz. You’ll see the result right after you finish the test, together with learning resources to improve your weaknesses.

How to learn Italian grammar?

The most complex Italian grammar lessons are probably about verb conjugations.

learn italian grammar online free

Basic Italian grammar: singular and plural

When you want to make something plural in English, you will usually only need to add an “s” at the end of the word. Of course, we know there are quite a few exceptions (mice, teeth, etc.).

In Italian language grammar, you will have two ways to create a plural word. Feminine nouns that have an “a” at the end will change the “a” to an “e” to become plural. Masculine nouns that end in an “o” will have an “i” take the place of the “o” at the end of the word in Italian grammar.

 italian grammar pronouns

After you know these basic rules, you need Italian grammar practice.

Learning the basics of grammar is one of the first steps in learning and mastering the Italian language. Take basic Italian grammar slowly, and you will not have trouble learning!

You can easily learn Italian grammar online, including these rules.

italian grammar rules

Parts of speech: verbs, adjectives, articles…

Italian grammar is the body of rules describing the properties of the Italian language.

You can certainly basic Italian grammar online.

Basic Italian grammar enables you to have a decent conversation without waiting for years of tedious study.

italian grammar is difficult

The Italian language is based on the following categories: articles, adjectives, nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions.

Many Italian grammar lessons deal with parts of speech.

  • Articles. In Italian articles are more than just simple words before the nouns. They identify the genre and the number of nouns and are essential in order to recognize irregular nouns. They can be masculine or feminine, singular or plural and, except in some specific cases, they must always be used. For more on Italian grammar notes, click on the articles above.
  • Adjectives are words that describe a person or a thing.
  • Nouns are words that refer to a person or a thing; they can be masculine or feminine, singular or plural. Many Italian nouns have irregular form.

basic italian grammar pdf

  • Pronouns are words that are used in place of a noun. They can stand in for the subject, Io mangio – I eat; the object, Paola mi ama – Paola loves me; or the complement, Io vivo per lei – I live for her. There are many kinds of pronouns: personal, possessive, demonstrative, interrogative and indefinite (Italian grammar pronouns).
  • Verbs are the core of the Italian language. They are words that refer to an action (andare – to go; mangiare – to eat) or to a state (essere – to be; stare – to stay; esistere – to exist). In Italian there are three classes of verbs, five moods and 21 tenses.

italian grammar verbs

  • An adverb is a word that tells you how or where or when an action is done.
  • Prepositions are words that show position in relation to space or time, or that introduce a complement. The main prepositions in Italian are listed below.
  • Conjunctions are words that link to other words or to a group of words. Like e – and, ma – but, se – if.

Italian grammar lessons cover all these elements.

how to learn italian grammar

The best way to learn Italian grammar

On this page, you can learn Italian grammar free with a huge collection of Italian grammar notes.

However, this might not be what you expected, but the best way to learn grammar for beginners is not memorizing rules, but using the language.

italian grammar for dummies

You’ll make mistakes on the way, but they will become less and less frequent. You’ll master those grammar patterns, not just know them.

After you become familiar with the basic rules in these lessons, put your knowledge in practice with a set of audio lessons focused on speaking.

They are the Italian grammar exercises for beginners you need to actually master grammar patterns (Italian grammar made easy pdf).

italian grammar chart