Not a member yet?
Already a member?

If clauses with se: Italian grammar lesson 39

Sign up for free to mark this post as completed.
Sign up for free to bookmark this post.
Sign up for free for a printer-friendly version.
To practice this grammar topic, take Lesson 39 of Ripeti Con Me!

Table of Contents

If clauses

In today’s short lesson, we’re going to learn something very important and common in Italian: if clauses with se. You might be wondering what we’re talking about. Well, an “if clause” is a phrase that indicates a condition and is usually followed by a phrase that refers to a consequence. There are many different types of “if clauses”. For now, we’re only going to focus on the easiest ones: the ones that refer to realistic hypotheses. Before we go into detail in Italian, let’s have a look at some “if clauses” in English.

  • If it rains, people don’t go to the beach.
  • If you heat ice, it melts.
  • If you talk to me like that, I won’t come.
  • If we get there late, we’ll miss the train.

As you can see, the “if clause” indicates the condition, the other clause refers to the consequence.

If clauses Italian

If clauses with se

In Italian, instead of “if” we use the short word se. If you spot this tiny word, you’ll know people are talking about a hypothetical situation. As we said, we’re going to focus on realistic hypotheses. There are four different combinations. We’ll first look at the structures and we’ll then give you examples for you to understand.

1. Se + present indicative + present indicative

Conditional Clauses in Italian

2. Se + present indicative + future indicative

3. Se + future indicative + future indicative

4. Se + present tense + imperative

We use these four combinations to talk about something that’s either happening in the present, or that will surely happen soon/has a high chance of happening. It’s up to you to choose which one you’ll use, depending on what you’re referring to.

If clauses with se

Se: examples

We’re going to go in order, so make sure you check what we just explained.

1. Se non capisci, te lo spiego.
If you don’t understand, I explain it to you.

2. Se non studio, non passerò l’esame.
If I don’t study, I won’t pass the exam.

3. Se non verrà, non le parlerò piu.
If she doesn’t come, I won’t speak to her again.

4. Se vai al supermercato, comprami la pasta.
If you go to the supermarket, buy me some pasta.

Se if clauses

Se is often used together with altrimenti (else, otherwise).

To practice this grammar topic, take Lesson 39 of Ripeti Con Me!

Leave a Reply

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on pinterest
Share on reddit

You might also like...

How to say “I like” in Italian? Learn the grammar with simple rules and examples and practice with audio lessons.
How to learn Italian irregular verbs and articles? Good question! Learning Italian irregular verbs and articles takes time but it’s totally feasible. Here’s all you need: Good memory Good attitude...
Italian words ending in vowels Before we give you a more insightful explanation, let’s review some grammatical rules concerning nouns (things, people, ideas) and adjectives (words describing nouns). They might...
How to use "proprio" in Italian? Learn the grammar with simple rules and examples and practice with audio lessons.

Get my free updates in your mailbox...

Join
0 +
subscribers!
You may easily unsubscribe at any time.
stefano 1

Go premium

stefano

Join for free

square e1554257578857 o5t21enzk19ssqmyyki2t2qt4nafhx9jqsvgu870u8
What would you like to see on FluentSimple?

This form is anonymous. ;)