Not a member yet?
Already a member?

Adverbs formed from adjectives: Italian grammar lesson 74

Sign up for free to mark this post as completed.
Sign up for free to bookmark this post.
Sign up for free for a printer-friendly version.
To practice this grammar topic, take Lesson 74 of Ripeti Con Me!

Table of Contents

Adverbs formed from adjectives: An introduction

What’s an adverb, and what’s the difference between adverbs and adjectives?

While adjectives are describing words that can modify nouns, adverbs are instead used to modify a verb. They often answer to the questions “how?”, “when?” or “where?” and provide additional information on the action of the sentence.

Many Italian adverbs are formed from adjectives. This happens in English as well: many adjectives can be transformed into adverbs by adding the suffix “-ly”, as in “sure” (adjective) → “surely” (adverb), “slow” (adjective) → “slowly” (adverb), etc. But how do we form adverbs from adjectives in Italian?

Adverbs formed from adjectives: Conjugation

Forming adverbs from adjectives in Italian is pretty straightforward. There are only three rules concerning their conjugation:

  • For adjectives that end in -a/-o for their singular form:

We simply add the suffix “-mente” to the adjective feminine singular form

Examples:

  1. lento/ f. lenta (slow – adjective) → Lentamente (slowly – adverb)
  2. m. certo/ certa (sure – adjective) → certamente (surely – adverb)
  3. m. raro/ rara (rare – adjective) → raramente (rarely – adverb)
  • For adjectives that end in -e for their singular form:

We simply add the suffix “-mente” to the adjective singular form

Examples:

m./f. felice (happy – adjective) → felicemente (happily – adverb)

Adverbs of Place in Italian (with Easy Examples)

m./f. forte (strong – adjective) → fortemente (strongly – adverb)

m./f. veloce (fast – adjective) → velocemente (fast – adverb)

  • For adjectives that end with the syllable -le, -la, –re, or -ra:

We eliminate the last “e” and add the suffix “-mente”:

Examples:

m./f. gentile (kind – adjective) → gentilmente (kindly – adverb)

m./f. abile (skillful – adjective) → abilmente (skillfully – adverb)

  1. m. leggero/ leggera (light – adjective) → leggermente (lightly – adverb)

Adverbs formed from adjectives: Rules

Where are Italian adverbs positioned inside a sentence? Let’s take a look at some examples:

Luca parla educatamente.

Luca speaks politely.

Sto mangiando lentamente perché sono quasi pieno.

I’m eating slowly because I’m almost full.

Loro vanno raramente in palestra.

They rarely go to the gym.

  • When they refer to the whole meaning of a sentence, they can go at the beginning or at the end of that sentence:

Veramente, non ti stavo ascoltando.

Frankly, I wasn’t listening to you.

Chiaramente, non hai capito niente!

Clearly, you didn’t understand anything!

Faccio esercizio fisico regolarmente.

I exercise regularly.

Practice with Quizlet

Here's a set of flashcards and quizzes to practice this grammar topic.

How to make comparisons

You can make comparisons with either names or adjectives.

Check out this lesson on how to make comparisons in Italian.

To practice this grammar topic, take Lesson 74 of Ripeti Con Me!

Leave a Reply

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on pinterest
Share on reddit

You might also like...

Missing someone or something You probably experienced the feeling of missing someone or something many times in your life. If you ever go to Italy and go back to your...
Da quando Time words and time expressions are always very useful. Some of the most common ones are sempre (always), mai (never), ancora (still), già (already), and appena (just). If...
Ogni In today’s short lesson, we’re going to learn how to use ogni. You probably heard this word many times and are familiar with it. It has different meanings so...
Sembrare Today’s lesson is about the equivalent of the verbs “to seem” or “to look”: the verb sembrare.  We use this when we want to give a personal opinion about...

Get my free updates in your mailbox...

Join
0 +
subscribers!
You may easily unsubscribe at any time.
stefano 1

Go premium

stefano

Join for free

square e1554257578857 o5t21enzk19ssqmyyki2t2qt4nafhx9jqsvgu870u8
What would you like to see on FluentSimple?

This form is anonymous. ;)